Hamilton County
1887 County History

The following is a transcription of the Hamilton County history section of The History of Gallatin, Saline, Hamilton, Franklin, and Williamson Counties, Illinois (Chicago: Goodspeed Publishing Co., 1887).

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     Many of the citizens of Hamilton County have enlisted in the armies of their country.  Following are the names of most of <pg. 263> those who were soldiers in the Black Hawk war:  In 1832 there were two companies raised, Capt. James Hall commanded one, and Capt. Arden Biggerstaff the other.  Names of private soldiers were as follows: Lewis Lane, Sneed White, Levin Lane, A. D. Grimes, Frederick Mayberry, William Gross, James M. Wilson, Elisha Everett, Elijah Everett, James Byrant, William Bryant, John Wheeler, Washington Wheeler, Jesse Moore, Samuel A. Martin, Harvey Sexton, Adam Crouch, Samuel Mundy, Nicholas Trammell, Joseph Thomasson, Wilce Williams, Joseph Shelton (who served as major part of the time), John Lowry, Jesse Johnson, Milton Carpenter, Charles H. Heard, John H. Heard, Alfred Moore, Moses Shirley, Charles Hungate, Reuben Oglesby, William Fuller, James Schoolcraft and John Burnett.
     A large number went to the Mexican war also in 1846.  One full company was raised in this county, commanded by Capt. J. P. Hardy; the first lieutenant was Charles Coker, second lieutenant, John J. Richey, and third lieutenant Warden Kountz.  Following are the names of most of the members of the company, which united with the Third Regiment under Col. Foreman: John Wright, B. F. Adams, Allen Lasater, William Gross, James Hughes, James Hardister, James Gibson, Daniel Gibson, Harrison Mayberry and two of his brothers, John K. Shasteen, G. W. Burnett, Green Burnett, Wallace, Ewing and David Flannegan, Wesley W. Hall, Joseph H. Denny, William L. Stephens, James Lane, William Clark, John Frazier, John Mann, John McDaniel, Jacob Mayberry, Charles Atchinson, John C. Cross, James Epperson, James Maulding, John Maulding, John B. Smith, S. H. T. Procter, Edward Trammell, Elijah Trammell, Elias Mundy, Calvin Shell, John Webb, John McBrowne, Dempsey Hood, Hiram Morris, Philip Trammell, James Lane, Jr., Joshua Biggerstaff, John Durham, Jesse Johnson, Thomas Braden, and others whose names can not now be recalled.
     In the war of the Rebellion Hamilton County performed her <pg. 264> full share of duty.  Besides the numbers credited to her on her quotas considerable numbers of her citizens enlisted from other counties, which were offering large bounties, and thus those other counties received credit for soldiers who but for their preference in enlisting from bounty-paying counties would have swelled their own county's credit.  However there was no draft in Hamilton County, and although there was much bitter feeling, much opposition to the war, and numerous lodges of Knights of the Golden Circle organized within the county, having for their object resistance to the prosecution of an "unconstitutional war upon the South," yet at the present time numbers of those who participated in or sympathized with such movements, perceiving the incalculable benefits resulting to the whole country from the suppression of the Rebellion, now deny that such movements and organizations meant anything but loyalty to the Government of the United States.
     The quota of Hamilton County for 1861 was 276; for 1862, 189; under the call for 700,000 men, 276; under that for 500,000, 206.  The total quota prior to December 31, 1864 was 947, and the total credits, 1,216; the total quota prior to December 31, 1865, was 1,293 and the total credits 1,226. In 1863 the first and second class enrollment was 1,226, and in 1864, 1,323.  In 1865 the number of persons subject to military duty wae 1,431.  It will be observed that Hamilton County fell behind her quota only 67.
     The men who entered the Union Army from Hamilton County were distributed among various regiments of infantry and cavalry.  The history, in brief, of the Fortieth Regiment is here introduced:  It was enlisted in the counties of Hamilton, Franklin, Wayne, White, Wabash, Marion, Fayette and Clay.  On the 10th of August, 1861, the regiment, with ten companies, reported at Springfield, Ill., and was mustered into the service of the United States for three years.  The officers of the regiment <pg. 265> were then, Stephen G. Hicks, of Salem, Marion County, colonel; James W. Boothe, of Kinmundy, lieutenant-colonel; John B. Smith, of Hamilton County, major; Rigdon S. Barnhill, of Fairfield, adjutant; Albion F. Taylor, of Mt. Vernon, quartermaster; Richard Mussey, of Mt. Erie, chaplain.  Rigdon S. Barnhill was promoted to be lieutenant-colonel January 13, 1863, and was killed in battle June 27, 1864.  Of the non-commissioned staff officers, Samuel J. Winans, of Salem, was killed at Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1863.  The regiment moved to Jefferson Barracks, Mo., August 13, 1861, remaining there until August 30, when it went to Bird's Point, and thence to Paducah, Ky., September 8.  Eight companies remained here doing guard duty during the winter, the other two, A and F, being detached on similar duty at Smithland, Ky.  During the same winter Gen. E. A. Payne's brigade was formed out of the Twelfth, Fortieth and Forty-first Regiments, and in March of 1862, Col. Hicks was placed in command of a brigade composed the Fortieth Illinois and Forty-sixth Ohio Regiments, and Morton's Battery, Lieut. Col. Boothe taking command of the Fortieth.  On the 10th of March these troops went up the Tennessee to Eastport, Ala., and not being able to effect a landing in consequence of high water and rebel batteries, dropped down to Pittsburg Landing on the 17th.  In the battle of Shiloh, in which the regiment was engaged, Col. Hicks was severely wounded, and the loss of the regiment was one commissioned officer killed and three wounded, and 42 men killed and 148 wounded.  After the battle of Shiloh the regiment was moved to Corinth, and participated in the siege until the fall of the place, and then went into camp at Memphis, November 26, 1862.  After some desultory marching, it went into winter quarters at Davis' Mills, northern Mississippi, and in the spring of 1863, after doing some scouting duty in the northern part of the State, stopped at Sneider's Bluff, in the rear of Vicksburg, where it remained until June 23, and <pg. 266> then was with Sherman's army confronting Johnston's until Vicksburg fell.  It was engaged in the battle of Jackson, Miss., July 16, and was complimented in public orders for gallant conduct and bravery during the battle.  After destroying railroads and bridges in and around Jackson th regiment went into camp on Black River, in the rear of Vicksburg, and remained until September 25.  On this day the division to which the regiment belonged became the Fourth Division, Fifteenth Army Corps, marched into Vicksburg and embarked for Memphis, whence it marched across the country to Chattanooga, reaching Brown's Ferry, two miles below Chatanooga, November 22, 1863.  Five companies had been detached and mounted for scouting duty, while Companies A, C, E, I and G, under command of Maj. H. W. Hall, of Knights' Prairie, reached Brown's Ferry, and were placed in charge of a wagon train.  Here at 10 P. M., November 23, Maj. Hall was informed that the grand attack would begin in the morning.  By means of a small boat the regiment crossed the Tennessee, and reached the main command at 1 o'clock A. M. of the 24th; at daylight crossed the Tennessee at the mouth of Chickamauga Creek, captured a high hill, and drove back the rebels in possession, placed a battery on its top and supported it through the night.  At daylight on the morning of the 25th this regiment was deployed and under fire led the assaulting column on the rebel position on Missionary Ridge, drove in the enemy's pickets, scaled his works and lost several men inside.  Then enemy being strongly reinforced, and the Fortieth not being supported, was compelled to fall back under cover of the hill.  A charge was then made upon the Fortieth, which was checked by a battery pouring a deadly fire into the advancing columns, and again the Fortieth was deployed and made an assault upon the rebel position, supported by the balance of the brigade.  The support failing, the regiment was again at length compelled to withdraw.  Of the five companies thus engaged, consisting of 130 men, <pg. 267> seven were killed and forty-four wounded, many of them mortally.  After the winning of the great victory on Missionary Ridge, the Fortieth Regiment on the 26th pursued the retreating rebels and assisted in the capture of many prisoners, and on the 29th moved northward under Gen. Granger, to the relief of Burnside, at Knoxville.  Returning from this expedition the regiment went into winter quarters at Scottsboro, Ala., where the scouting companies and the others were reunited.
     Here the Fortieth Regiment took the initiative in re-enlisting, spreading such enthusiasm in Gen. Ewing's division that not more than fifty men fitted for the veteran service failed to re-enlist, and on January 1, 1864, the Fortieth was mustered as a veteran regiment, with an aggregate strength of 443.  Up to this time the losses in the regiment had been: deaths, 261; other casualities, 196; discharged, 17; transferred, 6; missing and deserted, 17 – total, 497.  The Veteran Regiment took a furlough of thirty days, and then started with Sherman's army on the great Atlanta campaign, with Lieut.-Col. Barnhill in command, but who was killed on Kenesaw, June 27, 1864.  Maj. H. W. Hall, promoted lieutenant-colonel, then retained command until the close of the war.  The regiment participated in all the battles resulting in the capture of Atlanta. It was engaged in a severe battle on the Ball's Ferry road, July 28, 1864, and in another August 31.  After hard marching in following Hood's army toward Chattanooga and into northern Alabama, the regiment returned to Atlanta and was engaged for a time in destroying railroads in and around the city.  On the 16th of November, 1864, it started on the famous march through Georgia, and on the 22d with Walcott's brigade met the Georgia militia at Griswoldville, repulsed them twice and drove them back toward Macon.  It reached Savannah, Ga., about December 10, into which it marched December 21.  From Savannah the regiment marched to Thunderbolt, whence it went by water to Beaufort, S. C., and marched through South Carolina <pg. 268> by way of Pocotaligo and Barnwell to Columbus.  On the l3th of February, 1865, the regiment marched out of Columbus on the Waynesboro road, and crossed the Watersee River at Dixon's Ferry on a ponton [sic] bridge, and entered Cheraw, in March, crossing the Great Pedee, March 5, and was in the battle of Bentonville, N. C., entering that city March 22.  It marched into Goldsboro, March 24, remaining until April 10.  On the 13th of April, when near Raleigh, the regiment heard of Lee's surrender, and on the next day entered Raleigh and went into camp on Beaver Dam Creek, remaining there until Gen. Johnston's army surrendered to Sherman April 29, 1865.  After participating in the grand review, the regiment was mustered out at Louisville, Ky., July 24, 1865, and then went to Springfield, Ill., where it was paid off and discharged.
     Company A, of the Fortieth Regiment, was raised mostly in Hamilton County.  Its first captain was Hiram W. Hall of Knight's Prairie, who was promoted major and then lieutenant-colonel, and who commanded the regiment in all of its battles after Shiloh.  Its other captains were Benjamin W. Herrelson and Charles A. Johnson, both of Knight's Prairie.  Its first lieutenants were Flavius J. Carpenter, who enlisted July 25, 1861, was mustered August 27, and resigned November 15, 1861.  The others were Benjamin W. Herrelson, William B. Heard, Charles A. Johnson and William C. Moore.  Its second lieutenants were Benjamin W. Herrelson, John McLean, William B. Heard, Charles A. Johnson and Wilburn Anderson.  Of the noncommissioned officers and private soldiers who were killed in the battle or who died in the service were the following: Corporal John Miller, died of wounds at Chattanooga, November 25, 1863; Robert J. Atwood, killed at Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1863; Alfred N. Banes, died at Memphis, February 4, 1864; William M. Cook, killed at Missionary Ridge, November 25, 1863; M. L. Hall, also killed in the same battle; William T. Banes, killed at Kenesaw Mountain, <pg. 269> June 27, 1864; Aaron B. Johnson, killed near Atlanta, August 4, 1864; Marcus Johnson, died at Helena, Ark., October 8, 1863.
     Company C, of the Fifty-sixth Regiment, was recruited largely in Hamilton County.  Its first captain, Pinkney J. Welsh, of Shawneetown, was promoted major, August 25, 1863, and then John E. Barker, of Hamilton County, until April 4, 1865.  Its first lieutenants were James W. Flannigan, of Lane's Cross Roads; John E. Barker and John C. Lewis, both of Hamilton County, and Ausbraugh H. Rodgers, of Roland, White County.  Its second lieutenants were George O. Griggs, of Shawneetown; Ausbraugh H. Rodgers, of Roland; John C. Lewis and William J. Hinton, of these, John C. Lewis was lost on the steamer "General Lyon," March 31, 1865.  The noncommissioned officers and privates who were killed or died in the service of their country were the following: Serg. John Winemiller, died in Andersonville prison, August 7, 1864, grave number 4941.  Corporals – G. W. Peeples, lost on steamer "General Lyon," March 31, 1865; William M. Reed, died at St. Louis, December 2, 1862; John B. Mezo, Goison Patterson and Perry Ashton, lost on the "General Lyon."  Privates – Isaac C. Boyd, died at Shawneetown, March 19, 1862; Aaron Hall, died at Jefferson Barracks, August 15, 1862; Richard Heard and John Heard, lost on the "General Lyon;" John Hatley, died near Corinth, Miss., July 12, 1862; James M. Hamilton, died at Farmington, Miss., June 24, 1862, Isaac Johnson, lost on the "General Lyon," as also Albert E. Johnson, Thomas G. Mezo, Constant Mezo, James Murphy and Chester B. Shasteen.
     Company G, of the Fifty-sixth Regiment, was partially recruited in Hamilton County.  Its captains were William Reavis, of McLeansboro, who resigned October 29, 1862; Edward Keffer, of Toulon, who was killed by a falling tree December 31, 1863, and Thomas S. Campbell, of Lovilla, who resigned June, 10, 1864.  Its first lieutenants were Thomas H. Edwards, of Mc- <pg. 270> Leansboro; Edward Keffer, Thomas S. Campbell, Cyrus L. Goudy, of Sacramento, and George R. Frymire, of Enfield.  Its second lieutenants were Edward Keffer, Thomas S. Campbell, Osmond C. Griswold and Samuel Larrels.  Of these commissioned officers Cyrus L. Goudy was lost on the steamer "General Lyon."  The noncommissioned officers and private soldiers belonging in Hamilton County who were killed or who died in the service, were the following: Sergt. Benjamin F. Steele, of McLeansboro, lost on the "General Lyon;" corporals, George W. Dougan and Wagoner, William Galligher, lost on the "General Lyon;" privates, George W. Arterberry, of Logansport; Orrin Belvin of McLeansboro; William D. Hood, of McLeansboro; Samuel A. Huff, of Logansport; John Harrawood, of McLeansboro; William F. Huff, of Logansport, James R. McCulley, of McLeansboro; Elisha Miller, of Logansport; James L. Nations, of Logansport; Joseph Pierce, of Logansport; Robert H. Winder, of McLeansboro; William York, Leander Ray and Williams [sic] Ray, of Logansport; all lost on the steamer "General Lyon."  Thomas Cook, died in Mississippi, September 6, 1862; Charles F. Huffstaller, died at Vicksburg, August 12, 1863; George T. Hensley, died at St. Louis, November 10, 1864; Austin R. McDaniel, died at Paducah, Ky., August 13, 1862; William C. Matheny, died at Young's Point, La., May 4 1863.
     Company A, of the Eighty-seventh Regiment, was recruited almost wholly in Hamilton County.  Its captains were John Anderson and Warner P. Anderson, both of Hamilton County.  Its first lieutenants were Robert L. Meador, Warner P. Anderson and Samuel B. Bond, and its second lieutenants, John W. Richardson and Warner P. Anderson.  The noncommissioned officers and private soldiers who were killed or who died in the service were the following: First sergeant, William B. Carey, died August 7, 1863; corporals, Edward D. Duncan, died at Shawneetown, December 28. 1862; Spencer Green, died at Young's Point, La., May 27, <pg. 271> 1863.  Privates: John Brumley, died at Memphis, May 13, 1863; Henry Beachum, died at Vicksburg. July 1, 1863; Robert H. Carey, killed at Wilson's Hill, La., April 7, 1864; Arabia M. Dailey, died at Vicksburg, July 31, 1863; William R. Echals, died of wounds at Helena, Ark., February 12, 1865; John J. Falkner, died at Vicksburg, July 16, 1863; Archalus J. Gossage, died at New Orleans, September 5, 1863; Ebenezer Gage, died July 9, 1863; Winkfield Husley, died at St. Louis, August 6, 1863; John C. Judd, died at Helena, Ark., May, 24, 1863; William L. Jones, died at Memphis, February 16, 1863; Work S. Jones, died at Memphis, March 16, 1863; John Pritchett, died of wounds at New Orleans, April 30, 1864; Robert W. Phelps, died at Helena, Ark., April 20, 1865; Charles Swover, killed in Coahoma County, Miss., February 10, 1865; John W. Carr, died at Helena, Ark., May 29, 1865, and Joseph Henry Wadkins, drowned in the Ohio River, August 30, 1862.
     Company E, of the Eighty-seventh Regiment, was also largely recruited in Hamilton County.  Its captains were Milton Carpenter, who was mustered in September 22, 1862, and who resigned June 3, 1863; James H. Wright, who resigned February 8, 1865, and Hiram Angle, who was mustered out June 16, 1865.  Its first lieutenants were James H. Wright, Theophilus L. Jones, and Hiram Angle and William Hungate, and second lieutenants: Theophilus L. Jones and Hiram Angle.  The private soldiers, belonging to Hamilton County who were killed or who died in the service, were William Belvin, died at Shawneetown, February 14, 1861; James H. Crabtree, died at Memphis, May 8, 1863; John Crisel, died at Memphis, February 14, 1863; James K. P. Dempsey, died while a prisoner, March 22, 1865, at Camp Tyler, Tex.; William C. Forrister, died at Memphis, February 8, 1863; Benjamin Harper, died at Memphis, March 1, 1863; Benjamin Lowder, died at Shawneetown, February 5, 1863; Thomas H. Linn, died at home, April 3, 1865; John E. Richardson, died at <pg. 272> St. Louis, October 7, 1863; Caleb C. Richardson, died at St. Louis, October 8, 1863; Alexander Underwood, died at Mound City, February 16, 1863; William J. Williamson, died at St. Louis, July 18, 1863; Thomas Wakefield, died at Mound City, February 20, 1863; William Wright, died at Mound City, February 16, 1863; John C. Sefad, died at Memphis, March 28, 1863.
     Company K, of the One Hundred and Tenth Regiment, was recruited in Hamilton County.  Its captains were Mark Harper, of Hamilton County, and afterward Robert A. Cameron, of Ashley.  Its first lieutenants were James S. Wycough, of Franklin County, and then William R. Hester, of Hamilton County.  Its second lieutenants were John T. Barnett, of Franklin County, and William R. Hester.  This company was consolidated with Company B May 7, 1863.  Privates Charles A. Anderson, of Hamilton County, died at Nashville, January 10, 1863, and Thomas H. Raulston died December 12, 1862.
     Company I, of the One Hundred and Thirty-first Regiment, was raised mainly in this county.  Its captain was David H. Lasater; first lieutenant, Lewis L. Moore; second lieutenants: James C. Lasater, who died February 16, 1863, and then Andrew W. Ray.  Private John Huff of this company died December 5, 1862; David L. Martin died December 6, 1862, and Moses Morris died November 16, 1862.  When on October 30, 1863, the One Hundred and Thirty-first and the Twenty-ninth Regiments were consolidated this company became part of Company B in the consolidated regiment.
     A part of Company K, of the One Hundred and Thirty-first Regiment, was also raised in Hamilton County.
     Company D, of the Sixth Cavalry, was raised largely in Hamilton County.  Its captains were Hosea Vise and Joseph Coker, both of McLeansboro.  Its first lieutenants were William L. Stephens, Joseph Coker, James H. Dailey, Louis V. Allen and <pg. 273> John M. Boyd, all of McLeansboro, except Louis V. Allen, who was of Mt. Vernon.  Its second lieutenants were the same as the last four of the first lieutenants.  The non-commissioned officers and private soldiers, who died or who were killed in the service, were Sergt. Sidney A. Boster, killed August 9, 1862; Corporal John S. Coker, died of wounds, September 12, 1862; privates: William Jones, died February 10, 1863; William Denny, died June 6, 1862; George Brinkley, died June 12, 1863; Jesse Cravens, died October 6, 1863; Mudridge Hunt, died in prison at Richmond, Va., February, 19, 1865; William Hendrix, killed in battle, December 4, 1863; John W. Johnson, died in April, 1862; Thomas Nation, died December 3, 1863; Jesse Oglesby, died October 4, 1864; James A. Putnam, died August 16, 1863; David Richardson, died at Springfield; David L. Redparen, died February 11, 1862; Larkin Smith, died February 25, 1863; Benjamin F. Boyd, died in Andersonville prison, September 20, 1864, grave number 9323; John L. Dial, killed at Hanover Creek, Miss., August 13, 1864; William Flint, died at Eastport, Miss., July 3, 1865; James Phillips, deceased; Thomas Putnam, died September 20, 1865; Charles Steele, died at Gravelly Springs, Ala., February 26, 1865.
     Company H, of this regiment, was also largely raised in this county.  Its captains were John J. Ritchey, who resigned January 21, 1863; Samuel L. Marshall, who died June 14, 1863; Daniel M. Maulding, who was mustered out January 9, 1865, and Samuel P. Maxey, of Olney, mustered out November 5, 1865.  The first three were of McLeansboro.  The first lieutenants were James M. Blades, Samuel L. Marshall, Daniel M. Maulding, John N. Wilson and Walter B. Maulding, all of McLeansboro; and the second lieutenants were Samuel L. Marshall, Daniel M. Maulding, John N. Wilson, Samuel P. Maxey, and John T. Wright, all of McLeansboro, except Samuel P. Maxey.  Those who died or were killed in the service belonging in Hamilton County <pg. 274> were John Stubbs, died May 20, 1863; Abner Dailey, died March 17, 1862; Peter C. Durham, died February 12, 1864; Thomas Digby, died November 19, 1862; Francis M. Dugin, died March 27, 1862; Elisha Goins, died February 9, 1864, Jonathan Manning, killed March 29, 1863; Arthur Nelson, died January 5, 1864; Thomas Oliver, died February 28, 1863; Henry C. Echols, died at Memphis, July 25, 1864; John H. Mansley, died at Murfreesboro, of wounds, December 22, 1864; Michael McCarty, killed at Nashville, December 15, 1864; John M. Asberry, November 14, 1864.
     Company K, of this regiment, was raised in Hamilton, Gallatin and Saline Counties.  Its captains were Edward Dawes, of Rectorville; Dorastus L. Grimes, of Saline County, and James M. Banes, of Hamilton County.  Its first lieutenants were Jesse B. Wilson, of Harrisburg; James M. Banes and Thomas W. H. Miller, of Cairo, and its second lieutenants, Cornelius Baker, of Harrisburg; Dorastus L. Grimes, Thomas W. H. Miller and Richard E. Oliver, of Saline County.  Those who enlisted from Hamilton County who were killed or who died in the service were Allen D. Grimes, died January 4, 1862; William L. Campbell, died in 1864; James M. Miner, January 17, 1862; John Schoolcraft, died January 12, 1862; James W. Mitchell, killed at Memphis, August 21, 1864.
     With reference to those not lost at the time of the burning and sinking of the "General Lyon," it may be stated that most of them were picked up by the steamer "General Sedgwick;" Henson G. Raines and Lieut. Butler, however, instead of being picked up in this way, drifted on a cabin door four days without food or drink, and were at last picked up by a schooner by which they were left on an island where Lieut. Butler died.  On this island Raines remained ten years, escaping in March, 1875, on the British man-of-war "Vengance."  He was taken to London, England, and placed in Guy Hospital.

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